The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the product of the Summit of Heads of Governments held at the United Nations Headquarters in December 2000.
There are eight goals in general – eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and women empowerment, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensuring environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development. These goals stand for what one can call the major development challenges as they still persist to date in many developing countries.
From the reactions which followed the pronouncement of the MDGs, It could affirmatively be said that the millennium summit reveals the level of commitment of world leaders to poverty eradication in year 2000. Its nature and the issues it addressed also made it another catalyst for reinforcing the agreements of the UN Submit on the Environment and Development (the Earth Summit), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, where the Agenda 21, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biodiversity were adopted.